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Prostate Cancer Awareness
 

Prostate Cancer is the most common non-skin cancer in the United States, affecting about one in six men in their lifetime. All men are at risk for developing prostate cancer, and here are some facts you should know about risk factors and symptoms.

Risk Factors

As noted above, men of all ages and backgrounds are susceptible to prostate cancer, but there are some factors that increase your risk. Age is the leading factor. According to the Prostate Cancer Foundation, one in 10,000 men younger than 40 will develop prostate cancer, but that risk increases to one in 14 for men ages 60-69.

Family history also plays a role. Men who have had a brother or father diagnosed with prostate cancer are twice as likely to develop cancer, according to the American Cancer Society.

Finally, ethnic background is a contributing factor. According to the Prostate Cancer Foundation, African-Americans are twice as likely to develop prostate cancer compared to Caucasian-Americans, while Asian-Americans are at the lowest risk.

Symptoms

There are certain signs to look out for, especially if youíre in an at-risk group. Many of the symptoms deal with urination, specifically, difficulty in urinating, or having a weak or interrupted urine flow. Often, a constant urge to urinate, especially at night, is an early symptom, as is frequent pain or stiffness in your lower back, hips or upper thighs. Another symptom of prostate cancer is sexual dysfunction, including difficulty in achieving an erection.

Reducing risk

The good news is there are ways to lower your risk of prostate cancer. For starters, you can make some slight alterations to your diet. Add in more vegetables, especially tomatoes, which have a high concentration of the nutrient lycopene. According to the Mayo Clinic, lycopene has been consistently linked with lower prostate cancer risk. Also take in more vitamin D, whether through nutritional supplements or dairy products. Donít forget your daily dose of whole grains, especially those high in flax, which have several active ingredients that play a significant role in reducing prostate cancer risk.

Finally, keep the extra weight off. A recent study by New York University found that obesity not only increases the risk of prostate cancer, but also increases the risk of aggressive prostate cancer.

There is no definitive way to prevent cancer, but you can reduce your risk and, if you catch it early enough, boost your odds of beating it.

 

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Phoenix Society, Inc. - PO Box 64 - Annapolis Junction, MD 20701-0064