Prostate Cancer is the most common non-skin cancer in the United
States, affecting about one in six men in their lifetime. All men
are at risk for developing prostate cancer, and here are some facts
you should know about risk factors and symptoms.
As noted above, men of all ages and
backgrounds are susceptible to prostate cancer, but there are some
factors that increase your risk. Age is the leading factor.
According to the Prostate Cancer Foundation, one in 10,000 men
younger than 40 will develop prostate cancer, but that risk
increases to one in 14 for men ages 60-69.
also plays a role. Men who have had a brother or father diagnosed
with prostate cancer are twice as likely to develop cancer,
according to the American Cancer Society.
background is a contributing factor. According to the Prostate
Cancer Foundation, African-Americans are twice as likely to develop
prostate cancer compared to Caucasian-Americans, while
Asian-Americans are at the lowest risk.
There are certain signs to look out for, especially if youíre in
an at-risk group. Many of the symptoms deal with urination,
specifically, difficulty in urinating, or having a weak or
interrupted urine flow. Often, a constant urge to urinate,
especially at night, is an early symptom, as is frequent pain or
stiffness in your lower back, hips or upper thighs. Another symptom
of prostate cancer is sexual dysfunction, including difficulty in
achieving an erection.
The good news is there are ways to lower your risk of prostate
cancer. For starters, you can make some slight alterations to your
diet. Add in more vegetables, especially tomatoes, which have a high
concentration of the nutrient lycopene. According to the Mayo
Clinic, lycopene has been consistently linked with lower prostate
cancer risk. Also take in more vitamin D, whether through
nutritional supplements or dairy products. Donít forget your daily
dose of whole grains, especially those high in flax, which have
several active ingredients that play a significant role in reducing
prostate cancer risk.
Finally, keep the extra weight off. A
recent study by New York University found that obesity not only
increases the risk of prostate cancer, but also increases the risk
of aggressive prostate cancer.
There is no definitive way to
prevent cancer, but you can reduce your risk and, if you catch it
early enough, boost your odds of beating it.